Smallmouth Bass

The Smallmouth Bass is generally brown, appearing sometimes as black or green (seldom yellow) with red eyes, and dark brown vertical bands, rather than a horizontal band along the side. There are 13–15 soft rays in the dorsal fin. The upper jaw of smallmouth bass extends to the middle of the eye. The smallmouth's coloration and hue may vary according to environmental variables such as water clarity or prey diet. Males are generally smaller than felmales. The males tend to range around two pounds, while females can range from three to six pounds. Their average sizes can differ, depending on where they are found; those found in American waters tend to be larger due to the longer summers, which allow them to eat and grow for a longer period of time.

Their habitat plays a significant role in their color, weight, and shape. River water smallmouth that live in dark water tend to be rather torpedo-shaped and very dark brown to be more efficient for feeding. Lakeside smallmouth bass, however, that live in sandy areas, tend to be a light yellow-brown to adapt to the environment in a defensive state and are more oval-shaped.

They have been seen eating tadpoles, fish, aquatic insects, crayfish. They have been seen eating frogs, small mice,small birds, and even French fries. There are two recognized subspecies, the Northern Smallmouth Bass (M. dolomieui dolomieui) and the Neosho Smallmouth Bass (M. dolomieui velox).

The smallmouth bass is found in clearer water than the largemouth, especially streams, rivers, and the rocky areas and stumps and also sandy bottoms of lakes and reservoirs. The smallmouth prefers cooler water temperatures than its cousin the Largemouth bass, and may be found in both still and running water. Because it is intolerant of pollution, the smallmouth bass is a good natural indicator of a healthy environment, though it can better adjust to changes in water condition than most trout species.

In conventional fishing, smallmouth may be successfully caught on a wide range of natural and artificial baits or lures, including crankbaits, hair jigs, plastic jerkbaits, artificial worms, spinnerbaits, and all types of soft plastic lures, including curly tail grubs or tubes with lead head jigs. Spinning reels or baitcasting reels may be used, with line strengths of 2 to 15 pounds typically utilised. Rods are usually of ultralight to medium-heavy action. They may also be caught with a fly rod using a dry or wet artificial fly, nymphs, streamers, or imitations of larger aquatic creatures, such as hellgrammites, crawfish, or leeches. Floating topwater popper fly patterns and buzz baits are also popular for smallmouth fishing. For river fishing, spinning tackle or fly tackle has been the most popular angling tools for smallmouth in North America for many years.

Species Information

Scientific Name:Micropterus dolomieu
Environment:Lake, River, Stream
Ideal Temp:58-70°F (14-21°C)
Technique:Casting, Fly, Jigging, Trolling
Lure Type:Crankbaits, Flies, Jigs, Plugs, Spinnerbaits, Spoons, Topwater, Trolling
World Record:5.41 kg (11 lb 15 oz) Dale Hollow Lake, Tennessee, USA
Other Names:smallmouth, smallmouth bass

Latest Smallmouth Bass Fishing Reports and Spots

Fading Summer - 8/31/2021 12:23:00 PM

Some nice recent rains have rivers up a bit a pleasant change from the low water conditions. Smallmouth Bass fishing has been great both top wat (View)

Fishing Deep in the Summer - 8/25/2021 10:27:35 PM

We do a lot of fishing deep in the summer most of the lakes we guide on are deep mountain TVA impoundments. These lakes have Spotted bass Smallm (View)

Stable Weather Pattern – Almost Smallmouth Heaven - 8/3/2021 2:15:24 AM

Lake St. Clair smallies settle down for the summer and settle into stable bite patterns during weather like we have this week (View)

Smallmouth bite is On! May 2021 - 5/16/2021 11:04:16 AM

The Willamette River and tributaries are seeing some quality fly fishing for smallmouth bass presently. Lower and warmer water have the bass lig (View)

Warming trend - 5/13/2021 2:55:54 PM

Finally some great weather in our forecast here in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula! Looks like some very nice days to be on the water are heading our (View)

Dally’s fly Fishing Report 5/13/21 - 5/13/2021 7:00:00 AM

So far May is churning out some pretty solid fishing excursions on a variety of water from trout on Bull Shoals and Norfork Tailwaters to smallm (View)

THE 2021 OZARK SMALLMOUTH TOUR - 5/6/2021 4:57:36 PM

Join Tadd Fore Duane Hada and Keith Reeves on a summer full of smallmouth fun as they bring back their traveling fly fishing clinic for a second (View)

Smallmouth Flounder9 - 4/1/2021 5:35:02 PM