White Grunt

Haemulon plumierii, the white grunt or common grunt, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Haemulidae native to the western Atlantic Ocean. It grows to a length of about 30 cm (12 in) and is a silvery-cream color, with narrow yellow and blue longitudinal stripes, but can modify its color somewhat to match its surroundings. It is closely related to the blue striped grunt and the French grunt and often schools with these species. It feeds on shrimp, other crustaceans, annelids and mollusks, and is preyed on by larger piscivores such as barracuda and shark. It is sometimes caught by anglers as a game fish and its white flesh can be eaten. It is also a popular aquarium fish.

The white grunt is found near mangroves, reefs, docks, and nearly any sort of structure in its range, which extends in the Western Atlantic from Chesapeake Bay through the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico down to Brazil. It normally lives in depths similar to that of its relative, the blue striped grunt, from 0-30m in depth.

This fish is closely related to the blue striped grunt (Haemulon sciurus) and the French grunt (Haemulon flavolineatum). The white grunt is often seen schooling with those species. The familiar "grunt" that this fish makes is caused by its pharyngeal teeth grinding in the back of its throat. This sound is normally made when the fish is distressed or in danger, such as when being caught by an angler.

The white grunt is a silvery cream color with numerous yellow and blue horizontal stripes present throughout the body. The head is long with a distinct snout, and falcate pectoral fins and a forked caudal tail are also present. H. plumieri also has numerous dorsal spines and rough teeth. Unlike groupers or snappers, grunts have a strong fixed lower jawbone. The average size of this fish is six inches to more than a foot, and H. plumieri often changes its color to its direct surroundings, becoming accordingly paler or darker.

Species Information

Scientific Name:Haemulon plumierii
Environment:Nearshore
Ideal Temp:66-86°F (19-30°C)
Technique:Bottom Fishing
Lure Type:Bottom Rig
World Record:2.94 kg (6 lb 8 oz) North Brunswick, Georgia, USA 06-May-1989
Other Names:white grunt, common grunt, grunt

Latest White Grunt Fishing Reports and Spots

July 2015 Ft. Myers Offshore Charter Fishing Report - 7/7/2015 10:56:13 AM

We’ve been having some great fishing on the Fish n Tales out of Fish Tale Marina over the last few weeks. Gag grouper season just opened on Jul (View)


March 2015 Offshore Charter Fishing Report - 4/17/2015 10:21:49 PM

The last couple of weeks have seen the best fishing of the year so far for us aboard the Fish n Tales. The winter cold fronts have subsided and (View)


UPCOMING 14 HOUR TRIPS - 4/11/2011 10:07:05 PM

The Gulf Council is having a meeting the week of April 11 2011. During this meeting they will be addressing the 2011 season for Gag Grouper in t (View)


Winter Update - 9/22/2012 10:06:43 PM

Hi everyone!! The fishing this winter has been great! We have had a much milder winter so far this year compared to the last two years. Fishing (View)


Beauty Is in the Eye of the One Holding the Fish - 6/20/2012 10:40:06 PM

Take a look at this amazing and beautiful photograph. It is a close up macro photo of the eye and face of a fish I recently caught. It is a whit (View)


Cape Fear Terrace - 6/9/2012 1:56:37 PM

Extensive hard ground (reef) habitat accounts for about 23% of the available habitat throughout the South Atlantic Bight continental shelf. Ge (View)


4/29 first trip to the Chas 60 - 5/1/2012 12:18:09 PM

There are 4 replies with the last one on 05/01/2012 at 10:44:18 PM by filup003 Quote: We where out there same day. Red pioneer. Caught a boat lo (View)


BP-25 Reef - 5/8/2011 12:30:12 AM

BP-25 Reef is a large reef with many additions. It consist of a 160' British Petroleum tanker and at least 6 New York Subway cars. Some of t (View)


EGMONT KEY REEF #26 - 4/13/2011 4:19:49 PM

EGMONT KEY REEF #26 (Bay) Relief (in feet) 8 Description GULF PIER -FT. DESOTO PILE CUTOFFS Date of Deployment May 17 2002 Primary Mat (View)


CITRUS #2 BIG BEND REEFS - 4/13/2011 4:19:33 PM

CITRUS #2 BIG BEND REEFS CONSIST OF 96 PRE-FABRICATED CONCRETE CUBES, ONE METER (3 feet of relief) ON A SIDE-50M SPACED HEXAGON WEIGHING OVER (View)