Red Grouper

The red grouper is a species of fish in the Serranidae family. It is found in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, the United States, Venezuela, the British Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. 


Its natural habitats are open seas, shallow seas, subtidal aquatic beds, coral reefs, rocky shores, sandy shores, estuarine waters, intertidal flats, intertidal marshes, coastal saline lagoons, coastal freshwater lagoons, and karsts. 


The Red Grouper is an opportunistic feeder and a top predator in the reef community. The diet is varied but commonly includes lutjanid and sparid fishes, xanthid and portunid crabs, spiny lobster, and snapping shrimp. The Red grouper is of moderate size, about 125 cm and weighs 23 kg or more Body coloration is typically reddish-brown color. White spots are commonly found on the body of the red grouper. Red grouper are unique in the fact that they are protogynous hermaphrodites, beginning life as females, with some later transforming into males. Females transform into males between the ages of 7 and 14.Spawning occurs between January and June, peaking in May. Red Grouper are mostly batch spawners. Larval red grouper leave the plankton after approximately 1 month.


Red grouper are easily recognized by their color and by the sloped, straight line of their spiny dorsal fin. The fin has a long second spine and an unnotched interpine membrane. Most epinepheline groupers have a notched dorsal spine membrane and a third spine longer than the second. The body is deep brownish-red overall, with occational white spots on the sides. Tiny black specks dot the cheeks and operculum. The red grouper is most closely related to the Nassau grouper, Epinephelus striatus, which has several verticle bars and blotches, and is found more commonly on coral reefs in the West Indies.


Red groupers usually ambush their prey and swallow it hole, preffering crabs, shrimp, lobster, actopus, squid and fish that live close to reefs.

Species Information

Scientific Name:Epinephelus morio
Environment:Nearshore, Offshore
Ideal Temp:66-77ºF (19-25ºC)
Technique:Bottom Fishing, Jigging
Lure Type:Bottom Rig, Jigs
World Record:19.16 kg (42 lb 4 oz) St. Augustine, Florida, USA
Other Names:red grouper, cherna, nogue couleur rouge, piragia, punameriahven, roter grouper, rø, d havaborre, tsumagurohata, vieille rouge

Latest Red Grouper Fishing Reports and Spots

7/17/21 18HR ARS - 7/17/2021 2:08:00 PM

The weather on this trip was awesome it was actually too calm at times. We caught a variety of fish on this trip including grunts vermillions ye (View)


7/31/21 30 Fathom ARS - 7/31/2021 2:13:00 PM

Well we made it through yet another red snapper season! The weather on this trip was very good. We had a little more wind than the average trip (View)


August 7 2021 - 8/7/2021 4:46:02 PM

Texas angling legends Jerome McKown and Billy Meeks have joined forces to wallop the fish of the general Nosara area. On August 7 Captain Alex k (View)


18HR ARS 7/17/21 - 7/17/2021 10:33:00 AM

The weather on this trip was awesome it was actually too calm at times. We caught a variety of fish on this trip including grunts vermillions ye (View)


30 Fathom ARS 7/19/21 - 7/19/2021 10:04:00 AM

We had another trip with absolutely awesome weather. When we first started fishing we had zero wind and no current but as the trip went on a sli (View)


30 Fathom ARS 7/22/21 - 7/22/2021 4:56:00 PM

Boy what a trip!!! Not only did we have excellent weather the entire trip but we also had the BEST red snapper fishing of the season so far!! We (View)


July 28 2021 - 7/28/2021 7:21:10 PM

Marte Martinez of Laredo TX finished up his fishing adventure with an inshore day on July 28. They scored six nice Red Groupers and also nabbed (View)


July 17 2021 - 7/17/2021 1:30:20 PM

The Adventurer is a great option for young anglers who want to learn the craft of sportfishing; on July 17 Captain David shared his wisdom and d (View)


July 11 2021 - 7/11/2021 1:24:18 PM

Captain Fico is an inshore fishing master. On July 11 the super panga was dropping baits to the bottom and nagged a nice array of Red Groupers. (View)


6-28-21 Halfday - 6/28/2021 3:35:22 PM

Wind NE 5-10 seas calm sunny. Heading out NW of Anclote today to get on top of them again fishing has been getting better and better the further (View)