White Grunt

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White Grunt

Species Information

Scientific Name:Haemulon plumierii
Common Names:white grunt, common grunt
Ideal Temp:66-86°F (19-30°C)

About White Grunt

Haemulon plumierii, the white grunt or common grunt, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Haemulidae native to the western Atlantic Ocean. It grows to a length of about 30 cm (12 in) and is a silvery-cream color, with narrow yellow and blue longitudinal stripes, but can modify its color somewhat to match its surroundings. It is closely related to the blue striped grunt and the French grunt and often schools with these species. It feeds on shrimp, other crustaceans, annelids and mollusks, and is preyed on by larger piscivores such as barracuda and shark. It is sometimes caught by anglers as a game fish and its white flesh can be eaten. It is also a popular aquarium fish.

The white grunt is found near mangroves, reefs, docks, and nearly any sort of structure in its range, which extends in the Western Atlantic from Chesapeake Bay through the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico down to Brazil. It normally lives in depths similar to that of its relative, the blue striped grunt, from 0-30m in depth.

This fish is closely related to the blue striped grunt (Haemulon sciurus) and the French grunt (Haemulon flavolineatum). The white grunt is often seen schooling with those species. The familiar "grunt" that this fish makes is caused by its pharyngeal teeth grinding in the back of its throat. This sound is normally made when the fish is distressed or in danger, such as when being caught by an angler.

The white grunt is a silvery cream color with numerous yellow and blue horizontal stripes present throughout the body. The head is long with a distinct snout, and falcate pectoral fins and a forked caudal tail are also present. H. plumieri also has numerous dorsal spines and rough teeth. Unlike groupers or snappers, grunts have a strong fixed lower jawbone. The average size of this fish is six inches to more than a foot, and H. plumieri often changes its color to its direct surroundings, becoming accordingly paler or darker.

White Grunt Fishing

World Record:2.94 kg (6 lb 8 oz) North Brunswick, Georgia, USA 06-May-1989
# Fish Caught:442130 documented in database.
Earliest Record:3/1/1856 12:00:00 AM and located at 24.63570, -82.88406.
Latest Record:12/31/2022 1:12:00 PM and located at 27.25240, -80.22267.
Common Techniques:Bottom Fishing
Popular Lure Types:Bottom Rig
Fishing Spots:584 White Grunt fishing spots.

Latest White Grunt Fishing Reports and Spots

4/30/19 40 Fathom Edges 52 Hour Season Opener Extravaganza - 4/30/2019 12:19:00 PM

For the highly anticipated Season Opener Extravaganza guests and crew enjoyed beautiful blue skies the whole trip and the first night out was ex (View)

5/4/19 18-Hour Gulfstar North Grounds Extended Day Trip - 5/4/2019 11:54:00 AM

The Gulfstar had a good trip to the North Grounds for this special extended day venture. The boat departed and 6:00 AM on 5/4/19 and caught a gr (View)

7-2-21 Halfday - 7/2/2021 3:30:35 PM

Wind SW 15-20 seas 3-5 rainy. Pretty rough day out anchored over 3 good spots catching white grunt all day.   Captain Tyler. (View)

6-26-21 Halfday - 6/26/2021 2:56:57 PM

E wind 15mph sunny seas 1-2 chop. Made some moves to push out past all the redtide today northwest of Anclote and found some real good fishing. (View)

6-27-21 Halfday - 6/27/2021 2:53:33 PM

Wind SE 15mph seas 1-2 chop sunny. Headed north today had to push out beyond the red tide to get to some cleaner water. Ended up paying off with (View)

6-25-21 Halfday - 6/25/2021 3:00:33 PM

E wind 15mph seas 1′ chop sunny. Headin north today going to try to push out past the fish killzone. 7.6 miles NW was were we started catching a (View)

6-20-21 - 6/20/2021 3:05:45 PM

SW wind 10-15 seas 2-3 overcast/hazy. With the red tide riding in on the south winds were heading out north of Anclote in hopes of finding clean (View)

5-25-21 Halfday - 5/25/2021 3:06:45 PM

South wind 5-10 1-2′ chop. The water visibility is getting better and better every day with our full moon tides. Heading out to a spot just nort (View)

5-22-21 Half day sundance 2 - 5/22/2021 2:29:08 PM

3.5 mi outside of anclote Island today Waters clearing up 5 to 10 mph winds blowing out of the East. Found a good chunk of structure just north (View)

Spanish Grunt - 4/4/2021 10:16:01 PM