Largemouth Bass

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Largemouth Bass

Species Information

Scientific Name:Micropterus salmoides
Common Names:largemouth, largemouth bass, black bass, widemouth bass, bigmouth, bucketmouth, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, green bass, gilsdorf bass, Oswego bass, southern largemouth, northern largemouth, large mouth bass
Environment:Lake, River, Stream
Ideal Temp:65-75°F (18-24°C)

About Largemouth Bass

The largemouth bass is a species of black bass in the sunfish family native to North America. It is also known as the widemouth bass, bigmouth, black bass, bucketmouth, Potter's fish, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, green bass, gilsdorf bass, linesides, Oswego bass, southern largemouth and northern largemouth. The largemouth bass is the state fish of Alabama (official freshwater fish), Georgia, Mississippi, Florida (state freshwater fish), and Tennessee (official sport fish).

The largemouth is an olive green fish, marked by a series of dark, sometimes black, blotches forming a jagged horizontal stripe along each flank. The upper jaw (maxilla) of a largemouth bass extends beyond the rear margin of the orbit. In comparison to age, a female bass is larger than a male. The largemouth is the largest of the black basses, reaching a maximum recorded overall length of 29.5 in (75 cm). The fish lives 16 years on average.

They prefer locations with lots of structure, such as submerged vegetation, brush piles, stumps, boat docks and standing timber. Underwater points, humps, drop-offs, bridge pilings and old road beds are also favored haunts, particularly in reservoirs.

Research indicates that the largemouth bass is also the most intelligent freshwater fish, able to distinguish and avoid a particular type of lure after only one encounter with it. 

Largemouth are keenly sought after by anglers and are noted for the excitement of their fight. The fish will often become airborne in their effort to throw the hook, but many say that their cousin species, the smallmouth bass, can beat them pound for pound. Anglers most often fish for largemouth bass with lures such as plastic worms (and other plastic baits), jigs, crankbaits and spinnerbaits. A recent trend is the use of large swimbaits to target trophy bass that often forage on juvenile rainbow trout in California. Live bait, such as nightcrawlers, minnows, frogs, or crawfish can also be productive. In fact, large golden shiners are one of the best baits to use to catch trophy bass, especially when they are sluggish in the heat of summer or in the cold of winter. They are the most popular freshwater game fish. Casting lures and plugs during dawn and dusk hours around cattails and sunken logs will give you the best chance to land one of the lunkers.

Largemouth Bass Fishing

World Record:10.12 kg (22 lb 4 oz) Lake Biwa, Shiga, Japan
# Fish Caught:438664 documented in database.
Earliest Record:1/1/1800 12:00:00 AM and located at 45.96527, -95.35821.
Latest Record:4/14/2024 10:55:52 AM and located at 35.46307, -78.41827.
Common Techniques:Casting, Fly, Jigging, Trolling
Popular Lure Types:Crankbaits, Flies, Jigs, Plugs, Soft Plastics, Spinnerbaits, Spoons, Topwater, Trolling
Fishing Spots:44880 Largemouth Bass fishing spots.

Latest Largemouth Bass Fishing Reports and Spots

Largemouth Bass - 4/14/2024 10:55:52 AM

Nice bass on dropshot (View)

Neely Henry bass fishing report - 4/12/2024 10:57:10 PM

Wow!!! I am thrilled to see my home lake is producing as good as it has in decades. 10th place in the local weekend tournament was 18 pounds. (View)

Largemouth Bass - 4/9/2024 5:43:08 PM

Caught on Berkley flatworm (View)

Spring Time Fishing is getting Hot - 4/4/2024 12:46:55 PM

This warm weather has got the bass moving up looking for a place to spawn. The Spotted bass are around 8 to 16 feet around rocky banks and point (View)

Fishing Report - 4/3/2024 7:57:00 PM

Apr 3 2024 GOOD. Water stained; 68 degrees; 0.03 feet above pool. Largemouth bass are good on beds with some big gals being caught. Catfish are (View)

Largemouth Bass - 4/1/2024 7:05:01 PM

Berkley flatworm bite (View)

Happy Easter - 3/31/2024 10:30:00 AM

got one 16.5" Largemouth bass, one 15.5" channel cat. Lost a really nice LB. (View)

Fishing Report - 3/27/2024 11:23:00 AM

Mar 27 2024 GOOD. Water stained; 66 degrees; 0.13 feet above pool. Largemouth bass seem to be on spawning beds. Seeing some very skinny fish la (View)

Largemouth Bass - 3/25/2024 7:51:06 PM

live bait bite (View)

Fishing Report - 3/20/2024 7:10:00 AM

Mar 20 2024 GOOD. Water stained; 66 degrees; 0.00 feet full pool. Catfish can be caught all over the lake baited areas on Catfish Bubblegum liv (View)