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Coho Salmon

Species Information

Scientific Name:Oncorhynchus kisutch
Environment:Lake, River, Stream, Inshore, Nearshore
Ideal Temp:53-58°F (12-14°C)
Technique:Casting, Fly, Trolling
Lure Type:Flies, Plugs, Spoons, Topwater, Trolling
World Record:15.08 kg (33 lb 4 oz) Salmon River, Pulaski, New York, USA
Other Names:coho, silver salmon, Coho Salmon

The coho salmon is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family. Coho salmon are also known as silver salmon or "silvers".

Coho spend approximately the first half of their life cycle rearing and feeding in streams and small freshwater tributaries. Spawning habitat is small streams with stable gravel substrates. The remainder of the life cycle is spent foraging in estuarine and marine waters of the Pacific Ocean. Some stocks of coho salmon migrate more than 1,000 miles in the ocean, while other stocks remain in marine areas relatively close to the streams where they were born.


During their ocean phase, coho salmon have silver sides and dark-blue backs. During their spawning phase, their jaws and teeth become hooked. After entering fresh water, they develop bright-red sides, bluish-green heads and backs, dark bellies and dark spots on their backs. Sexually maturing fish develop a light-pink or rose shading along the belly, and the males may show a slight arching of the back. Mature adults have a pronounced red skin color with darker backs and average 28 inches (71 cm) and 7 to 11 pounds (3.2 to 5.0 kg), occasionally reaching up to 36 pounds (16 kg). Mature females may be darker than males, with both showing a pronounced hook on the nose.


The traditional range of the coho salmon runs along both sides of the North Pacific Ocean, from Hokkaidō, Japan and eastern Russian, around the Bering Sea to mainland Alaska, and south to Monterey Bay, California. Coho salmon have also been introduced in all the Great Lakes, as well as many landlocked reservoirs throughout the United States.

Latest Coho Salmon Fishing Reports and Spots

Outlook for 2023 Salmon Season is Looking Great! - 4/18/2023 5:00:42 PM

Salmon in the Pacific Northwest have been in the headlines for the wrong reason’s recently but the outlook for Coho on the Oregon Coast is … Th (View)

2023 Buoy 10 Salmon Fishing Season - 4/11/2023 6:07:16 PM

Buoy 10 Fishing Season. Anglers will be able to keep for both chinook and coho salmon later this summer at the popular Buoy 10 fishery which of (View)

NFS and partners secure new protections for Oregon Coast coho salmon - 3/23/2023 8:49:00 AM

Legal Agreement Will Bring New Protections From Logging to Oregon Coast Coho Salmon For Immediate Release March 23 2023 Contact:          Amy At (View)

September 2023 Alaska Fishing Reports - 3/21/2023 1:16:43 PM

Alaska Fishing September 2023 Bobbers & Bait or Custom spinners + Custom Rods =  Custom Fishing Fun!   September Salmon Catching Opportunities (View)

August 2023 Alaska Fishing Reports - 3/21/2023 1:16:24 PM

August Fishing / Coho Salmon Fishing August is our best month for catching and harvesting coho (silver salmon).  Our guided salmon fishing trip (View)

July 2023 Alaska Fishing Reports - 3/21/2023 1:16:04 PM

5 Alaska Salmon Species targeted  in July 2023 — King Salmon Chum Salmon Sockeye Salmon Coho Salmon Pink Salmon July provides the best opportun (View)

Salmon - 1/10/2023 11:50:42 PM

Our Salmon run starts as early as Mid-August and extends well into October. Both Chinook/King and Coho/Silver Salmon (View)

2022-09-03 19:09:59 - 9/3/2022 10:09:59 PM

4 hours out with Captain Murray! The Cohos are coming!! The post 2022-09-03 19:09:59 appeared first on Oasis Alaska Charters. (View)

2022-09-11 20:14:58 - 9/11/2022 11:14:58 PM

Captain Murray and Captain Drew loaded this large group up with Cohos in 4 hours!! The post 2022-09-11 20:14:58 appeared first on Oasis Alaska (View)

2022-09-15 15:40:05 - 9/15/2022 6:40:05 PM

4 hours out with Captain Drew and these two limited out on cohos this morning! The post 2022-09-15 15:40:05 appeared first on Oasis Alaska Char (View)