Smallmouth Bass

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Smallmouth Bass

Species Information

Scientific Name:Micropterus dolomieu
Common Names:smallmouth, smallmouth bass
Environment:Lake, River, Stream
Ideal Temp:58-70°F (14-21°C)

About Smallmouth Bass

The Smallmouth Bass is generally brown, appearing sometimes as black or green (seldom yellow) with red eyes, and dark brown vertical bands, rather than a horizontal band along the side. There are 13–15 soft rays in the dorsal fin. The upper jaw of smallmouth bass extends to the middle of the eye. The smallmouth's coloration and hue may vary according to environmental variables such as water clarity or prey diet. Males are generally smaller than felmales. The males tend to range around two pounds, while females can range from three to six pounds. Their average sizes can differ, depending on where they are found; those found in American waters tend to be larger due to the longer summers, which allow them to eat and grow for a longer period of time.

Their habitat plays a significant role in their color, weight, and shape. River water smallmouth that live in dark water tend to be rather torpedo-shaped and very dark brown to be more efficient for feeding. Lakeside smallmouth bass, however, that live in sandy areas, tend to be a light yellow-brown to adapt to the environment in a defensive state and are more oval-shaped.

They have been seen eating tadpoles, fish, aquatic insects, crayfish. They have been seen eating frogs, small mice,small birds, and even French fries. There are two recognized subspecies, the Northern Smallmouth Bass (M. dolomieui dolomieui) and the Neosho Smallmouth Bass (M. dolomieui velox).

The smallmouth bass is found in clearer water than the largemouth, especially streams, rivers, and the rocky areas and stumps and also sandy bottoms of lakes and reservoirs. The smallmouth prefers cooler water temperatures than its cousin the Largemouth bass, and may be found in both still and running water. Because it is intolerant of pollution, the smallmouth bass is a good natural indicator of a healthy environment, though it can better adjust to changes in water condition than most trout species.

In conventional fishing, smallmouth may be successfully caught on a wide range of natural and artificial baits or lures, including crankbaits, hair jigs, plastic jerkbaits, artificial worms, spinnerbaits, and all types of soft plastic lures, including curly tail grubs or tubes with lead head jigs. Spinning reels or baitcasting reels may be used, with line strengths of 2 to 15 pounds typically utilised. Rods are usually of ultralight to medium-heavy action. They may also be caught with a fly rod using a dry or wet artificial fly, nymphs, streamers, or imitations of larger aquatic creatures, such as hellgrammites, crawfish, or leeches. Floating topwater popper fly patterns and buzz baits are also popular for smallmouth fishing. For river fishing, spinning tackle or fly tackle has been the most popular angling tools for smallmouth in North America for many years.

Smallmouth Bass Fishing

World Record:5.41 kg (11 lb 15 oz) Dale Hollow Lake, Tennessee, USA
# Fish Caught:70735 documented in database.
Earliest Record:1/1/1800 12:00:00 AM and located at 41.51485, -87.96632.
Latest Record:2/21/2024 8:07:00 AM and located at 36.28554, -92.51408.
Common Techniques:Casting, Fly, Jigging, Trolling
Popular Lure Types:Crankbaits, Flies, Jigs, Plugs, Spinnerbaits, Spoons, Topwater, Trolling
Fishing Spots:12013 Smallmouth Bass fishing spots.

Latest Smallmouth Bass Fishing Reports and Spots

AGFC Survey on Proposed New Regs - 2/21/2024 8:07:00 AM

The AGFC is conducting a survey into public opinion on a range of fishing and hunting regulations for the future. The proposals would include a (View)

Dally’s Fly Fishing Report 2-15-24 - 2/15/2024 9:06:00 AM

I f it wasn’t obvious by now these recent warm days on the river have us thinking springtime thoughts of cicadas caddis mayflies smallmouth bass (View)

Smith Mountain Lake February Fishing Report - Warming waters and wondering bass - 2/8/2024 9:49:40 AM

DON’T FORGET TO CHECK OUT THE BAIT SHOP FOR ALL THE EARLY WINTER TACKLE I USE Well that cold water lasted all of 10 days LOL. Looks to be setti (View)

Dally’s Fly Fishing Report 2/1/24 - 2/1/2024 8:26:06 PM

Step outside and close your eyes and I could almost fool you into thinking April has arrived. Warm afternoons and crisp river air flood the mind (View)

Smith Mountain Lake January Fishing Report - Game on! Fish are eating water is finally cold and lots of rain!!! - 1/9/2024 10:23:59 PM

DON’T FORGET TO CHECK OUT THE BAIT SHOP FOR ALL THE EARLY WINTER TACKLE I USE OMG it’s finally happening!!!!! We have cold water lots of wet da (View)

Summer River Smallmouth Float Trips - 1/3/2024 8:15:48 PM

To me this is the most exciting thing I’ve done since I started my guide service back in 2010….a new offering….in a new region of the south in (View)

Northeast Bass Fishing Report December 29th 2021 - 12/29/2021 2:42:08 AM

5 lb Smallmouth on the Cape. Fishing Guide: Cory Gillis The post Northeast Bass Fishing Report December 29th 2021 appeared first on North East (View)

Webster Lake Bass Fishing Report April 03rd 2023 - 4/3/2023 5:45:39 AM

Smallmouth are still out on deep drops on the edges of flats and deep humps and out on deep rock in 20-35ft range. The bait has pushed up shall (View)

Webster Lake Fishing Report September 3rd 2023 - 9/3/2023 1:26:34 AM

With the high water right now the bass are up shallow A lot of largemouth and smallmouth are being caught right now in the 2-10 foot range on h (View)

Webster Lake Fishing Report September 28th 2023 - 9/28/2023 1:30:18 AM

The fall transition is here and a couple weeks from now the fall fishing will be on fire! Smallmouth are moving back out to drops and deeper ar (View)