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Species Information

Scientific Name:Xiphias gladius
Ideal Temp:64-72°F (18-22°C)
Technique:Bottom Fishing
Lure Type:Bottom Rig
World Record:536.15 kg (1182 lb 0 oz) Iquique, Chile
Other Names:swordfish, broadbill, broad bill, sword

Swordfish (Xiphias gladius; from Greek ξίφος: sword, and Latin gladius: sword), are large, highly migratory, predatory fish characterized by a long, flat bill. They are a popular sport fish of the billfish category, though elusive. Swordfish are elongated, round-bodied, and lose all teeth and scales by adulthood. These fish are found widely in tropical and temperate parts of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans.

They are the sole member of their family, Xiphiidae. Females are larger than males, and Pacific swordfish reach a greater size than northwest Atlantic and Mediterranean swordfish. They reach maturity at 4–5 years of age and the maximum age is believed to be at least 9 years. The oldest swordfish found in a recent study were a 16-year-old female and 12-year-old male. Swordfish ages are derived, with difficulty, from annual rings on fin rays rather than otoliths, since their otoliths are small in size.

Swordfish prefer water temperatures between 18 and 22 °C (64 and 72 °F), but have the widest tolerance among billfish, and can be found from 5 to 27 °C (41 to 81 °F). This highly migratory species typically moves towards colder regions to feed during the summer. Swordfish feed daily, most often at night, when they rise to surface and near-surface waters in search of smaller fish. During the day, they commonly occur to depths of 550 m (1,800 ft) and have exceptionally been recorded as deep as 2,878 m (9,442 ft). Adults feed on a wide range of pelagic fish, such as mackerel, barracudinas, silver hake, rockfish, herring, and lanternfishes, but they also take demersal fish, squid, and crustaceans. In the northwestern Atlantic, a survey based on the stomach content of 168 individuals found 82% had eaten squid and 53% had eaten fish, including gadids, scombrids, butterfish, bluefish, and sand lance. Large prey are typically slashed with the sword, while small are swallowed whole.

Latest Swordfish Fishing Reports and Spots

October 19 2022 - 10/19/2022 6:52:40 PM

The Third annual Rena Bishop Broadbill Bash wrapped up with the crew of the Three J’s winning the big money with total winnings coming to $30 6 (View)

Fishing Report!! Tuesday August 30th 2022 - 8/30/2022 3:54:59 PM

Lots to report from these past few weeks!! With the Sarasota Slam Tournament wrapping up this past weekend offshore anglers as well as inshore (View)

Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 12 August 2022 🎣 - 8/12/2022 1:51:07 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 12/08/22 Honking pink snapper seen from a different perspe (View)

8/6 - 8/6/2022 6:37:13 PM

Body:  Good offshore fishing continued today with Wahoo and Dolphin being the main catches on the docks along with Swordfish Grouper and Blackb (View)

Weekly Forecast (8.9.22 – 8.15.22) - 8/8/2022 8:30:24 PM

WEEKLY FORECAST 8.9.2022 - 8.15.2022 A CENTRAL FLORIDA FISHING FORECAST EVERY TUESDAY Naughty Rooster won the 2nd Annual Swordfish Shootout wit (View)

Weekly Forecast (8.2.22 – 8.8.22) - 8/1/2022 5:10:05 PM

WEEKLY FORECAST 8.2.2022 - 8.8.2022 A CENTRAL FLORIDA FISHING FORECAST EVERY TUESDAY Even if you're not fishing the Swordfish Shootout this cou (View)

Swordfish - 7/12/2022 7:13:18 PM


Swordfish - 7/12/2022 7:13:18 PM


Swordfish - 7/12/2022 7:13:17 PM


Swordfish - 7/12/2022 7:13:17 PM