Barramundi

The Barramundi, also known as Asian seabass, is a species of catadromous fish in family Latidae of order Perciformes. This fish is of the same Genus as the Common Snook, which is found in the waters of Florida, Central and South America, the Caribbean and the South Atlantic. The native species is widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific region from the Persian Gulf, through Southeast Asia to Papua New Guinea and Northern Australia. Known in Thai language as pla kapong (Thai: ปลากะพง), it is very popular in Thai cuisine. It is known as koduva in the Tamil language, kalaanji in Malayalam language, pandugappa (పండుగొప్ప) in the Telugu language in India, bhetki in the Bengali language in eastern India and Chonak in the Konkani language in Goa in western India.


This species has an elongated body form with a large, slightly oblique mouth and an upper jaw extending behind the eye. The lower edge of the preoperculum is serrated with a strong spine at its angle; the operculum has a small spine and a serrated flap above the origin of the lateral line. Its scales are ctenoid. In cross section, the fish is compressed and the dorsal head profile clearly concave. The single dorsal and ventral fins have spines and soft rays; the paired pectoral and pelvic fins have soft rays only; and the caudal fin has soft rays and is truncate and rounded. Barramundi are salt and freshwater sportfish, targeted by many. They have large, silver scales, which may become darker or lighter, depending on their environments. Their bodies can reach up to 1.8 m (5.91 ft) long, though evidence of them being caught at this size is scarce.

Barramundi are demersal, inhabiting coastal waters, estuaries, lagoons and rivers; they are found in clear to turbid water, usually within a temperature range of 26−30°C. This species does not undertake extensive migrations within or between river systems, which has presumably influenced establishment of genetically distinct stocks in Northern Australia.


The barramundi feeds on crustaceans, molluscs, and smaller fish (including its own species); juveniles feed on zooplankton. The barramundi is euryhaline, but stenothermal. It inhabits rivers and descends to estuaries and tidal flats to spawn. In areas remote from freshwater, purely marine populations may become established.

At the start of the monsoon, males migrate downriver to meet females, which lay very large numbers of eggs (several millions each). The adults do not guard the eggs or the fry, which require brackish water to develop.

The species is sequentially hermaphroditic, with most individuals maturing as males and becoming female after at least one spawning season; most of the larger specimens are therefore female. Fish held in captivity sometimes demonstrate features atypical of fish in the wild: they change sex at a smaller size, exhibit a higher proportion of protogyny and some males do not undergo sexual inversion.


Highly prized by anglers for their good fighting ability, barramundi are reputed to be good at avoiding fixed nets and are best caught on lines and with fishing lures. In Australia, the barramundi is used to stock freshwater reservoirs for recreational fishing.

These "impoundment barramundi", as they are known by anglers, have grown in popularity as a "catch and release" fish. Popular stocked barramundi impoundments include Lake Tinaroo near Cairns in the Atherton Tablelands, Peter Faust Dam near the Whitsundays, Teemburra Dam near Mackay, Lake Moondarra near Mount Isa, Lake Awoonga near Gladstone, and Lake Monduran south of Lake Awoonga.

Species Information

Scientific Name:Lates calcarifer
Environment:River, Inshore, Surf
Ideal Temp:77-86°F (25-30°C)
Technique:Casting, Fly
Lure Type:Crankbaits, Flies, Plugs, Soft Plastics, Spinnerbaits, Topwater
World Record:44.64 kg (98 lb 6 oz) Lake Monduran, Queensland, Australia 12-Dec-2010
Other Names:Barramundi, asian seabass, koduva, ปลากะพง, పండుగొప్ప, kalaanji, bhetki, Chonak, ikan siakap, ikan kakap putih, apahap, pla kapong

Latest Barramundi Fishing Reports and Spots

From land-based pinkies in the South West to metro 1m mulloway there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 7 May 2021 🎣 - 5/7/2021 1:30:00 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 07/05/21 Wetting a line from a beach somewhere in the Sout (View)


From rainbow trout near Waroona to mulloway at Lancelin there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 30 April 2021 🎣 - 4/30/2021 2:31:07 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 30/04/21 🌈🌈Mad-keen angler Angus Line scored this rainbo (View)


From tripletail off Broome to big 1m barra in Lake Kununurra there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 23 April 2021 🎣 - 4/23/2021 12:45:00 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 23/04/21 We came across a mooring loaded with tripletail S (View)


From chunky ruby snapper off Exmouth to 48cm black bream at Albany there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 16 April 2021 🎣 - 4/16/2021 3:16:56 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 16/04/21 Ruby Ruby Ruby Ruby 🎤🎵🎸 Paul Sapo and his fami (View)


From Spanish mackerel off Perth to dhufish in the South West there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 9 April 2021 🎣 - 4/9/2021 3:07:44 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 09/04/21 Metro mackie! Eddie Sheppard has been among Perth (View)


From eye-catching trout to threadies and barramundi there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 2 April 2021 🎣 - 2/4/2021 8:15:00 PM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 02/04/21 What a great trout! Fred Myers caught this beast (View)


From big bluebone to the Awesome Autumn of Salmon there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 26 March 2021 🎣 - 3/26/2021 2:21:48 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 26/03/21 With the conditions off Dunsborough too good to n (View)


From tremendous threadfin salmon to all of the GAMEX action there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 19 March 2021 🎣 - 3/19/2021 12:45:00 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 19/03/21 Ayesha Salkilld had a thread-mendous time chasing (View)


From big black bream to solid Spanish mackerel there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 12 March 2021 🎣 - 3/12/2021 1:23:18 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 12/03/21 Joe Kinnear caught and released this 48cm beast n (View)


Salmon in the State's south to bluebone in the north there's plenty to read in Recfishwest's State-wide Fishing Report 5 March 2021 🎣 - 3/5/2021 1:19:37 AM

96 Recfishwest Newsletter View this email in your browser Recfishwest Fishing Report 05/03/21 South West fisher ' Stoney' Stonehouse was pumped (View)